Orthodontics is the science that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention and correction of mal-positioned teeth and jaws, and misaligned bite patterns. Orthodontic treatment helps the teeth get in the right position by correcting existing crowding and closing irregularities. With orthodontic treatment, you can have a healthier mouth, a more aesthetic appearance and teeth that will stay in your mouth longer.
Why is an orthodontic treatment important?
Most of the individuals primarily apply to the orthodontist with aesthetic concerns due to the crowding of the teeth. However, tooth crowding causes many problems besides aesthetics. Closure disorders, which we call malocclusion, are not only aesthetic problems, but also cause chewing and speech disorders. Since it is more difficult to maintain oral hygiene with crooked teeth, caries occurs more easily. Likewise, plaque accumulation increases at the interfaces and gum diseases occur with gingival recession. Due to the crowding in the teeth, the lower and upper teeth cannot come to their normal closure, the forces cannot be transmitted to the jaw bones and thus the joint normally. This causes joint problems (clicking sound when opening and closing the mouth). It has been observed that trauma (such as falling, hitting a ball) affects the front teeth more and can often lead to losses in the front teeth, especially in children or individuals with a forward upper jaw or a higher tooth than they should be. Especially in individuals with more gaps between their lower and upper front teeth, the pronunciation of some sounds becomes difficult, which can lead to speech disorders. As a result of the incompatibility between the jaws and teeth, sometimes the teeth can not find a place and remain impacted. Impacted teeth can dissolve the roots of adjacent teeth or cysts can form around impacted teeth and lead to pathological results. A beautiful smile and beautiful teeth will not only increase one's self-confidence, but also create positive effects in their social life. The importance of a beautiful smile and aesthetics is inevitable in the place of the individual in society.
When should I see an ortodontist?
In children, milk teeth begin to erupt at the age of 6 months and are completed around the age of 2.5 years. Permanent teeth begin to erupt at the age of 6-7 and continue until the age of 12. During this period, when the permanent teeth begin to erupt, orthodontic examination is beneficial in order to diagnose possible orthodontic problems and to stop them if present. Early intervention may be required at the age of 7-8 years in jaw disorders. In cases where only the teeth show irregularity, it is generally expected that the permanent dentition is completed for treatment. In adult patients, teeth can always be moved, but it should be noted that increasing age will reduce the duration of treatment and tolerance to treatment.